Declension of nouns

(Declining nouns in German grammar)

Table of contents – declension of nouns

On this page you will find the following:

  1. Meaning of nouns
  2. Declension tables
  3. Further explanations and exercises

What are nouns?

Nouns (in German: Nomen or Substantive) are words that denote living beings (persons, animals), things, and facts. In the German language, they are declined (inflected), which means they alter their form according to the four grammatical cases. Such changes mainly include the transformation of vowels; only occasionally do they receive additional endings. Despite that, the declension is most evident in the preceding determiner. Compare the subsequent illustration with examples that give you an overview of the varied forms:

Declension of nouns (substantives) in German

The following tables show the declensional endings of German nouns. To make the adaptions clearer, articles precede them:


Case Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative (who/what?) der Bruder (brother) die Leuchte (lamp) das Haus (house)
Genitive (whose?) des Bruders der Leuchte des Hauses
Dative (whom?) dem Bruder der Leuchte dem Haus(e)
Accusative (who/what?) den Bruder die Leuchte das Haus


Case Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative (who/what?) die Brüder (brothers) die Leuchten (lamps) die Häuser (houses)
Genitive (whose?) der Brüder der Leuchten der Häuser
Dative (whom?) den Brüdern den Leuchten den Häusern
Accusative (who/what?) die Brüder die Leuchten die Häuser

Further explanations referring to the ‘Declension of nouns’

The following explanations are related to the topic ‘Declension of nouns/substantives in German grammar’ and could also be helpful: