Conjugation & verb forms of the present perfect simple

(Formation of the present perfect simple tense in English)

Table of contents – conjugation present perfect simple

On this page you will find the following:

  1. Formation of the present perfect simple
  2. Verb forms of the present perfect simple
  3. Further explanations and exercises

Formation of the present perfect simple

The present perfect simple requires the conjugated present tense form of the auxiliary verb ‘to have’ and the past participle of the corresponding verb. One thing to keep in mind is that ‘have’ changes to ‘has’ in the 3rd person singular (which means, when it is used with ‘he, she, it’). See the following table for detailed verb forms.

  • Two example sentences to show the use and the conjugation of the present perfect simple:
    • “I’ve worked with that company for more than twenty years.”
    • “Sam has never had a car accident.”

Verb forms of the present perfect simple

Example verb: ‘to go

Positive/affirmative sentences

Person Positive Short form Interrogative form Short form of question
I We have gone. We’ve gone. Have we gone?
you (singular)
we / you (plural) / they
he/she/it She has gone. She’s gone. Has she gone?

Negative sentences

Person Negative Short form Interrogative form Short form of question
I You have not gone. You haven’t gone.
or
You’ve not gone.
Have you not gone? Haven’t you gone?
you (singular)
we / you (plural) / they
he/she/it He has not gone. He hasn’t gone. Has he not gone? Hasn’t he gone?

Further explanations relating to the ‘Conjugation of the present perfect simple’

The following explanations relate to the topic ‘Conjugation and verb forms of the present perfect simple’ and may be interesting too:

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