Juxtaposition of the if-sentences
(Comparison of the conditional sentences or if-clauses)
Table of contents – conditional sentences
On this page you will find the following:
When are conditional sentences (if-clauses) used?
In the following chart, you will find a juxtaposition of how to use the if-clauses (full conditional sentences), which makes it easier for you to choose the appropriate type. Decide according to this principle:
|Can the condition be fulfilled?
Can the result occur?
|Yes, condition can be fulfilled; result can occur.
|Yes, condition could be fulfilled; result could occur.
(→ rather unlikely)
|No, condition can no longer be fulfilled; result can no longer occur.
|if-clause type I
|if-clause type II
|if-clause type III
|“If I leave, I will catch the train.”||“If I left, I would catch the train.”||“If I had left, I would have caught the train.”|
|↙ ↘||↙ ↘||↙ ↘|
|if-clause||Main clause||if-clause||Main clause||if-clause||Main clause|
|present||future (will)||past||present conditional||past perfect||past conditional|
|‘leave’||‘will catch’||‘left’||‘would catch’||‘had left’||‘would have caught’|
Further explanations related to the ‘Comparison of if-clauses’
The following explanations refer to the topic ‘Juxtaposition of the if-sentences (conditional sentences) in English’ and could help you too: