Conjugation & verb forms of the present perfect continuous

(Formation of the present perfect progressive tense in English)

Table of contents – formation present perfect continuous

On this page you will find the following:

  1. Formation of the present perfect progressive
  2. Verb forms of the present perfect progressive
  3. Further explanations and exercises

Formation of the present perfect continuous/progressive

The present perfect continuous is based on the conjugated form of ‘to have + been’ and the continuous form (often called ing-form or present participle) of the corresponding verb. Compare the following examples and the table below:

  • Examples for the use and the formation of the present perfect continuous in sentences:
    • “He’s been reading a book for twenty minutes.”
    • “The bird has been sitting there for some time.”

Verb forms of the present perfect continuous

Example verb: ‘to wait

Positive/affirmative sentences

Pronoun Positive Short form Interrogative form Short form of question
I I have been waiting. I’ve been waiting. Have I been waiting?
you (singular)
we/you/they
he/she/it He has been waiting. He’s been waiting. Has he been waiting?

Negative sentences

Pronoun Negative Short form Interrogative form Short form of question
I We have not been waiting. We haven’t been waiting. Have we not been waiting? Haven’t we been waiting?
you (singular)
we/you/they
he/she/it He has not been waiting. He hasn’t been waiting. Has he not been waiting? Hasn’t he been waiting?

Further explanations relating to the ‘Formation of the present perfect progressive/continuous’

The following explanations relate to the topic ‘Conjugation and verb forms of the present perfect continuous’ and may be helpful: