List of irregular verbs A to Z

(Verb table and conjugation forms of English irregular verbs)

Table of contents – irregular verbs

The irregular verbs are sorted alphabetically:



Present Past Past participle
alight alit/alighted alit/alighted
arise arose arisen
awake awoke awoken


Present Past Past participle
be (am/is/are) was/were been
bear bore borne
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bereave bereft/bereaved bereft/bereaved
bet bet/betted bet/betted
bid bid/bade bid/bidden
bide bade/bided bided
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
bless blest/blessed blest/blessed
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast/broad­casted broadcast/broad­casted
build built built
burn burnt/burned burnt/burned
burst burst burst
bust bust/busted bust/busted
buy bought bought


Present Past Past participle
can could (no participle)
cast cast cast
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
cleave cleft/clove/cleaved cleft/cloven/cleaved
cling clung clung
come came come
cost cost cost
creep crept crept
crow crowed crew/crowed
cut cut cut


Present Past Past participle
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
dive dived (American English: dove) dived (American English: dove)
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
dwell dwelt/dwelled dwelt/dwelled


Present Past Past participle
eat ate eaten


Present Past Past participle
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
flee fled fled
fling flung flung
fly flew flown
forbid forbade forbidden
forecast forecast, forecasted forecast, forecasted
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
forsake forsook forsaken
freeze froze frozen


Present Past Past participle
get got got (American English: gotten)
gild gilt/gilded gilt/gilded
give gave given
gnaw gnawed gnawn/gnawed
go went gone
grind ground ground
grip gript/gripped gript/gripped
grow grew grown


Present Past Past participle
hang hung/hanged hung/hanged
have had had
hear heard heard
heave hove/heaved hove/heaved
hew hewed hewn
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt


There are no irregular verbs.


There are no irregular verbs.


Present Past Past participle
keep kept kept
kneel knelt/kneeled knelt/kneeled
knit knit/knitted knit/knitted
know knew known


Present Past Past participle
lay laid laid
lead led led
lean leant/leaned leant/leaned
leap leapt/leaped leapt/leaped
learn learnt/learned learnt/learned
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
light lit/lighted lit/lighted
lose lost lost


Present Past Past participle
make made made
may might (no participle)
mean meant meant
meet met met
melt melted molten/melted
mistake mistook mistaken
mow mowed mown/mowed


There are no irregular verbs.


There are no irregular verbs.


Present Past Past participle
pay paid paid
pen pent/penned pent/penned
plead pled/pleaded pled/pleaded
prove proved proven/proved
put put put


Present Past Past participle
quit quit/quitted quit/quitted


Present Past Past participle
read read read
rid rid/ridded rid/ridded
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run


Present Past Past participle
saw sawed sawn/sawed
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewn/sewed
shake shook shaken
shall should (no participle)
shear sheared shorn/sheared
shed shed shed
shine shone shone
shit shit/shitted/shat shit/shitted/shat
shoe shod/shoed shod/shoed
shoot shot shot
show showed shown/showed
shred shred/shredded shred/shredded
shrink shrank/shrunk shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
slay slew slain
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
sling slung slung
slink slunk slunk
slit slit slit
smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled
smite smote smitten
sneak sneaked/(American English: snuck) sneaked/(American English: snuck)
sow sowed sown/sowed
speak spoke spoken
speed sped/speeded sped/speeded
spell spelt/spelled spelt/spelled
spend spent spent
spill spilt/spilled spilt/spilled
spin spun spun
spit spat spat
split split split
spoil spoilt/spoiled spoilt/spoiled
spread spread spread
spring sprang/sprung sprung
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank/stunk stunk
strew strewed strewn
stride strode stridden
strike struck struck
string strung strung
strive strove striven
swear swore sworn
sweat sweat/sweated sweat/sweated
sweep swept swept
swell swelled swollen/swelled
swim swam swum
swing swung swung


Present Past Past participle
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
telecast telecast/telecasted telecast/telecasted
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
thrust thrust thrust
tread trod trodden


Present Past Past participle
understand understood understood
undertake undertook undertaken


There are no irregular verbs.


Present Past Past participle
wake woke/waked woken/waked
wear wore worn
weave wove woven
wed wed/wedded wed/wedded
weep wept wept
wet wet/wetted wet/wetted
win won won
wind wound wound
wreak wrought/wreaked wrought/wreaked
wring wrung wrung
write wrote written


There are no irregular verbs.


There are no irregular verbs.


There are no irregular verbs.