Conjugation & verb forms of the future simple
(Formation of the simple future tense with ‘will’ in English)
Table of contents – formation future simple
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Formation of the future simple (will-future)
The future simple (also called will-future) is formed by using the auxiliary verb ‘will’ together with the infinitive (base form) of the corresponding verb without ‘to’.
- Examples of forming the will-future in sentences:
- “Peter and Tom will both buy a new car.”
- “I think it won’t rain today.”
- Note: The auxiliary verb ‘will’ remains unchanged for all grammatical persons, which means no ‘s’ is appended in the third person either.
Particularities of the will-future – substitute forms
When using the will-future in combination with modal auxiliary verbs (see modal verbs for details), a particular aspect needs to be considered: These verbs cannot be combined with ‘will’ because they do not have a proper verb form for the future. Therefore, the following alternatives or substitute forms are employed instead:
- ‘be able to’ substitutes ‘can’:
- “Soon, he will be able to do it on his own.”
- “I won’t be able to make it in time.”
- ‘have to’ substitutes ‘must’:
- “I will have to do what my boss says.”
- “I’m sure we won’t have to stay until 9 o’clock.”
- ‘be allowed to’ substitutes ‘may’:
- “Will I be allowed to leave a bit earlier?”
- “The kids won’t be allowed to play in the garden.”
Verb forms of the future simple (will)
Example verb: ‘to say’
|Person/pronoun||Positive||Short form||Interrogative form||Short form of question|
|I||He will say.||He’ll say.||Will he say?||–|
|Person/pronoun||Negative||Short form||Interrogative form||Short form of question|
|I||She will not say.||She won’t say.
She’ll not say.
|Will she not say?||Won’t she say?|
Further explanations relating to the ‘Formation of the simple future tense with ‘will’’
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